Ever since those days of rationing and long lines at the gas pump that hallmarked our nation’s energy crisis following the 1973 OPEC oil embargo, our country’s leaders have been on a quest toward energy independence.
The US response to the embargo comprised three components that today remain the basis for energy policy. First, the government promoted lower oil consumption. Second, more oil was domestically drilled. Third – and perhaps the most important from a foreign-policy standpoint – the US promoted a unified global oil market in which any country that had the practical means could purchase oil from any other.